RAM vs Cache: Difference Between RAM and Cache Memory

Both Ram and Caches are memory and their aim is to store data. In this article we will describe RAM vs Cache Memory in depth.

RAM (Random Access Memory) is a light-hearted memory which is used by the CPU as the Primary Memory of the system. CPU stores frequently used data of the programs running at the moment in RAM as RAM is faster than storage devices. This helps the CPU to work faster.

Cache memory is faster than the RAM but comes with minimal capacity. CPU stores more frequently used data in it so that the CPU can access these data faster.

RAM vs Cache Memory: Comparison Table



Read/Write rate of RAM is slower than Cache Memory.

Read/Write rate of cache memory is quicker than RAM.

RAM is limited expensive than Cache Memory.

Cache Memory is more valuable than RAM.

RAM is used to store less redundant data.

Cache Memory is used to save more frequent data.

CPU reads RAM after expressing Cache Memory.

CPU reads Cache Memory before holding RAM.

RAM is commonly internal.

Internal and external both can be in Cache memory.

What is RAM?

RAM is also referred to as a computer's memory. It's a memory when the power is turned off, data is lost. There are two types of RAM exists.

SRAM uses communications to store a single bit of information. It doesn't have to be refreshed.

DRAM uses another capacitor, and it should be restored to keep the charge in the capacitors. RAM is organized in. This would allow repairing damages or increasing the RAM capacity.

What is Cache Memory?

Cache memory is a memory used by the CPU to decrease the time. It is relatively smaller and a faster memory. Which stores most often accessed data of the primary memory. When there's a request for a memory read, cache memory is checked to see whether that data is present in cache memory.

If information is in the cache memory, then there's no need to get the main memory (which requires a longer time to be obtained), therefore making the average memory access time bigger. There are caches for instructions and data. Data cache is typically installed in a hierarchy of cache levels (sometimes called multilevel caches).

L1 is the closest cache to the first memory and is the cache that's checked first. L2 cache is the meeting in line and is the next closest to memory. L2 and l1 change in access rates, price, size, and location.

Key Differences: RAM vs Cache Memory

1. Definition - Cache is an element in the computer that collects data so that future requests for that data can be completed faster. RAM is a kind of computer data storage that stores data and computer code currently being used.

2. Speed - RAM is faster than secondary storage mediums, but it is not as fast as the cache.

3. Cost - Although RAM is expensive, it is not as valuable as a cache.

4. Capacity - The capacity of cache is smaller than RAM, which has a higher capacity.

5. Usage - The cache holds commonly used data by the CPU. RAM contains programs and data that are currently executed by the CPU.

Importance of RAM in Computer

RAM is the principal memory that processor uses. RAM is power, meaning if you let's state that a power loss occurs everything stored will be erased. Because it supports, the reason RAM is used though it's a flaw in this way is.

The process occurs when you're beginning any application. The chip doesn't access the program and works with the copy when copied. This can be seen upon exiting the program prompts you to save the changes that you've made and when a word document start. Then the example is being saved to the storage device and is made accessible if you save them.

Importance of Cache Memory

Cache Memory is a memory that is very special. It is synchronizing with CPU and is used to accelerate. Cache is more costly than RAM or disk memory but economical than CPU registers. It is a memory type that serves as a buffer between the CPU and RAM.

It retains frequently requested data and instructions when required, so they're immediately available to the CPU. The cache is a faster and smaller memory which stores copies of the information from memory locations that are used. There are independent caches in a CPU, which saved data and instruction.

Types of Cache Memory

1. Primary Cache (L1) - A primary cache is always found on the processor chip. Primary cache is small and its access time is similar to that of processor registers.

2. Secondary Cache (L2) - A secondary cache is located between the primary cache and the foundation of the memory. It is related to as the level 2 (L2) cache. Often, the Level 2 cache is also on the processor chip.

3. Locality of reference (L3) - Since the size of cache memory is less as analyzed to main memory. So, to check which part of central memory should be given priority and loaded in a cache is decided based on the locality of reference.

How Cache Memory Works

It checks for a corresponding entry from the cache when the processor needs to read or write a location in memory.

When the processor determines that the memory location is in the cache, a cache hit has occurred, and information is read from a cache.

If the chip doesn't find the memory location in the cache, a cache miss has occurred. For a cache miss, the cache allocates copies and a new entry in data from memory the request is fulfilled by the cache's contents.

Use of Cache Memory

Typically, the cache memory can store a just number of blocks at any given time. But this number is small related to the total number of blocks in the central memory.

A mapping function specifies the correspondence between the main memory blocks and those in the cache.


The memory of a computer is organized into a hierarchy, and they're Organized considering the time required to get price them and capacity.

RAM (Random Access Memory) is the principal memory used in a pc. Its Memory cells can be retrieved in any arrangement, and it is known as the memory.

RAMs are divided into two groups as Static RAM (SRAM) and Cache memory is a special memory Computer for the purpose of decreasing the time memory.